Dermatophytosis or ringworms is a fungal infection that affects both human and animal. When it comes to animals, it is cats who have the highest positive culture rate. A fungi under the dermatophyte group, causes Dermatophytosis in cats. Dermatophytosis in cats is caused by Trichophyton and Microsporum.
What causes Dermatophytosis?
It is the fungal spores from Trichophyton and Microsporum species that cause Dermatophytosis in cats. We can see these fungal spores in the coats of our cats using a microscope. The exposure of a cat to a place that has fungal spores can develop dermatophytosis. It takes 10-14 days to develop after they get exposed.
Where are these fungi seen?
Well, just like any other fungi, they are also found in the environment. But, if we talk about any specific area, it would be difficult to define. They are mostly found in hot and humid environment. After shedding off from the cats, the dermatophyte spores can stay in the environment for at least 2 years without a host. Any warm and humid environment would support the growth of fungi.
How Cats are Affected by dermatophytosis
The kertain materials in hair, skin and nails of your cat are the actual nutrients of Dermatophyte fungi. A cat with dermatophytosis shows symptoms of drying and cracking of their skin. Dermatophytosis looks like a round and scaly lesion with a pale center. It also causes bald patches or spots on your cat’s skin. Some cats may show symptoms of constant itching, which causes a lot of discomfort in them.
How to Determine Dermatophytosis
Veterinarians use four different methods to diagnose Dermatophytosis. They may examine the appearance and location of the infected site or detect fungal spores through an ultraviolet light. Some vets may opt for microscopic examination of hair and a fungal culture of a hair pulled from the infected site.
Limeplus Dip is an effective generalized topical treatment for this disease in cats. If you want to apply it on your cats, it’s better to consult your vet.